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Monday, February 27, 2012

Chronology of Vampires

Vampires appear in various lore, folklore and legends throught history. They are mentioned in many cultures, in different parts of the world in different time periods.
This is a timeline of the vampires through the history:

5000 BCThe emergence of Vampirism in the Mediterranean Basin.
2000 BCTomb of the Vampire is erected in Giza, Egypt.
31Jesus is claimed to have healed vampires at Capernaum.
140Reign of Longinus, Rome's Vampire Emperor.
773Charlemagne defeats Quadilla the Vampire thus saving Rome.
1047First appearance of the word "upir"(an early form of the word later to become "vampire")in a document referring to a Russian prince as "Upir Lichy",or wicked vampire.
1096First Crusade expels vampires from The Holy Land, Jerusalem.
1190Walter Map's "De Nagis Curialium" includes accounts of vampire like beings in England.
1196William of Newburgh's "Chronicles"records several stories of vampire like revenants in England.
1428/29"Dracula" aka Vlad Dracula or aka Vlad the Impaler is born.
1476/77Dracula is assassinated.
1484The Malleus Maleficarium (the witch hunter's bible) is writtenby Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger. The topic of how to hunt anddestroy a vampire is discussed within it's pages.
1530Italian scientist Ludovico Fatinelli burned at the stake forsuggesting a biological cause for vampirism in his "Treatise onVampires".
1560Erzsebet (Elizabeth) Bathory is born.
1607"The Ship of the Dead" brings vampires to the New World.
1610Bathory is arrested for killing several hundred girls and bathing in their blood. Tried and convicted, she is sentenced to life imprisonment, being bricked into a room in her castle.
Leo Allatius finishes writing the first modern treatment of vampires, "De Graecorum hodie quirundam opinationabus".
1614Elizabeth Bathory dies.
1657Fr. Francoise Richard's "Relation de ce qui s'est passé a Sant-Erini Isle de l'Archipel" links vampirism and witchcraft.
1672Wave of vampire hysteria sweeps through Istra.
1679A German vampire text, "De Masticatione Mortuorum", is writtenby Phillip Rohr.
1710Vampire hysteria sweeps through East Prussia.
1725Vampire hysteria returns to East Prussia.
1725/30Vampire hysteria lingers in Hungary.
1725/32The wave of vampire hysteria in Austrian Serbia produces the famous cases of Peter Plogojowitz and Arnold Paul (Paole).
1734The word "vampyre" enters the English language in translations of German accounts of European waves of vampire hysteria.
1744Cardinal Giuseppe Davanzati publishes his treatise, "Dissertazione sopre I Vampiri."
1746Dom Augustin Calmet publishes his treatise on vampires, "Dissertations sur les Apparitions des Anges des Demons et des Espits, et sur les revenants, et Vampires de Hundrie, de boheme, de Moravic, et de Silesie."
1748The first modern vampyre poem, "Der Vampir", is published by Heinrich August Ossenfelder.
1750Another wave of vampire hysteria occurs in East Prussia.
1756Vampire hysteria peaks in Wallachia, Romania.
1772Vampire hysteria occurs in Russia.
1797Goethe's "Bride of Corinth" (a poem concerning a vampire) is published.
1798/1800Samuel Taylor Coleridge writes "Christabel," now conceded to be the first vampire poem in English.
1800"I Vampiri," an opera by Silvestro de Palma, opens in Milan, Italy.
1801"Thalaba" by Robert Southey is the first poem to mention the vampire in English.
1810Reports of sheep being killed by having their jugular veins cut and their blood drained circulated through northern England. "The Vampyre," an early vampire poem, by John Stagg is published.
1813A vampire appears in Lord Byron's The Giaour.
1819John Polidori's "The Vampyre," is the first vampire story inEnglish is published.
1820"Lord Ruthwen ou Les Vampires" by Cyprien Berard is published anonymously in Paris. June 13: "Le Vampire," the play by Charles Nodier, opens at the Theatre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris. August: "The Vampire; or, The Bride of the Isles," a translation of Nodier's play by James R. Planche, opens in London.
1829March: Heinrich Marschner's opera, "Der Vampyr," based on Nodier's story, opens in Liepzig.
1841Alexey Tolstoy publishes his short story, "Upyr," while living in Paris. It is the first modern vampire story by a Russian.
1847Bram Stoker is born.
1850Haussman destroys Paris' Vampire Quarter then rebuilds city.
1851Alexandre Dumas' last dramatic work, "Le Vampire," opens in Paris.
1854Copper Creek Siege in California prompts formation of FederalVampire and Zombie Agency.
The case of vampirism in the Ray family of Jewell, Connecticut, is published in local newspapers.
1872In Italy, Vincenzo Verzeni is convicted of murdering two peopleand drinkin
1874Reports from Ceven, Ireland, tell of sheep having their throats cut and their blood drained.
1882New York Vampire riots ensue.
1891Steketee's Vampire Rights movement in France is started.
1897"Dracula" by Bram Stoker is published in England.
1905Worldwide vampire population hits the one million.
1924Fritz Haarmann the "Vampire of Hanover" is arrested, tried and convicted of killing more than 20 people in a vampire crime spree.
1931Dracula, starring Bela Lugosi, is released.
Peter Kurten of Dusseldorf, Germany, is executed after being found guilty of murdering a number of people in a vampiric killing spree.
1932The movie "Vampyr," directed by Carl Theodore Dreyer, is released.
1936"Dracula's Daughter" is released.
1942A. E. Van Vought's "Asylum" is the first story about an alien vampire.
1943U. S. President Franklin Roosevelt unveils "The Zozobra Project".
1943"Son of Dracula", stars Lon Chaney, Jr., as Dracula.
1950In New Mexico an auto mechanic named Joe Valdez becomes the first successful recipient of the vampire vaccine.
1962The Count Dracula Society is founded in the United States by Donald Reed.
1964"The Munsters" and "The Addams Family"; television shows with vampire characters.
1965Jeanne Youngson founds The Count Dracula Fan Club.
1967Due to the Lazo Disaster in Siberia, the United Nations (UN) passes a resolution banning vampire blood research.
1970Sean Manchester founds The Vampire Research Society."In Search of Dracula" by Raymond T. McNally and Radu Florescu is published. --Stephan Kaplan founds The Vampire Research Centre.
1976The first of The Vampire Chronicles, "Interview With the Vampire", by Anne Rice is published.
1978Eric Held and Dorothy Nixon found the Vampire Information Exchange.
1979Frank Langella stars in the remake of Dracula.
1980Richard Chase, the so-called Dracula Killer of Sacramento, California, commits suicide in prison.
The World Federation of Dark Shadows Clubs (now Dark Shadows Official Fan Club) is founded.
1985"The Vampire Lestat" by Anne Rice is published and reaches the best seller list.
1986President Reagan lifts ban on the vampire and zombie blood research.
1987"Methuselah Project" is initiated at the Santa RosaInstitute.
1988"The Queen of the Damned" is published by Anne Rice.
1992Andrei Chikatilo of Rostov, Russia, is sentenced to death after killing and vampirizing some 55 people.
1994The film version of Anne Rice's "Interview with the Vampire" opens with Tom Cruise as the Vampire Lestat and Brad Pitt as Louis.
1998Blade is released into theaters. Pandora by Anne Rice is published. The Vampire Armand by Anne Rice is published.
1999Vittorio the Vampire by Anne Rice is published.

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